Ⅰ.Proper Nouns & Terms(本大题共10小题，每小题2分，共20分)
DIRECTIONS:In this part, there are 10 proper nouns & terms. Please match the propernouns & terms with the Chinese meaning.
()1. transit passenger lounge A. 卫生检疫
()2. escape slide B. 行李舱
()3. baggage compartment C. 到达城市
()4. emergency flares D. 中转旅客休息室
()5. fire extinguisher E. 止痛药
()6. commercially important person F. 紧急情况照明灯
()7. nonstop flight G. 商业重要人物
()8. health control H. 逃离滑梯
()9. destination city I. 直达航班
()10. pain killers J. 灭火瓶
DIRECTIONS:In this part, there are 3 passages. Each of them is followed by 5 questions, andto each question, there are four possible answers marked with A, B, C, D. Pleasechoose the correct or best answer to each question and write the correspondingletter.
Onehour before departure, the flight crew——pilot, co-pilot, and flightengineer——will meet. The pilot will conduct the first meeting, reviewing timeen-route, weather, safety, security, and any other important procedures andaspects of what the particular flight will entail. An example is the procedurefor loss of communications, which must be discussed in the briefing.
Whilethe cockpit crew performs a check of the aircraft and its engines, the cabinattendants hold their own briefing. For an international flight, on a Boeing 777for example, there may be 14 cabin attendants. During the briefing, the purserassigns positions by seniority and qualifications. This determines which seatrows each attendant will be responsible for. Where a cabin attendant sitsdetermines his or her section of responsibility, such as which exit he or shewill be in charge of and what tasks he or she must accomplish during anemergency, including using oxygen masks, fire extinguisher, door slides, lifevests and rafts. Security of the aircraft on the ground and in the air is againreviewed.
Onceon board, the cabin attendants must complete a “preflight” checklist. First,each checks that his or her folding-or jump-seat is in working order and thatall safety belts are functional. All switches and controls on thecabin-attendant panel are checked for operating settings. Then, each attendantinspects the exit door or doors, and the seating in his or her section ofresponsibility to ensure safety and that all life vests are properly stowed,overhead bins are empty and doors are latched properly.
11.What will NOT be included in the flight crew’s briefing?( )
A.Procedure for loss of communications.
B.Cabin attendants’ positions of responsibility.
D.Safety and security.
12.When does the purser conduct their own briefing?( )
A.One hour before departure.
B.Half an hour before departure.
C.While the cockpit crew checks the aircraft.
D.After taking off.
13.How many cabin attendants will be assigned on a Boeing 777 for an internationalflight?( )
A.May be 7 cabin attendants. B. May be 10 cabin attendants.
C.May be 14 cabin attendants. D. May be 18 cabin attendants.
14.Cabin attendants’ assigned positions determine ______.( )
A.which seat rows he/she will be responsible for
B.which exits he/she will be responsible for
C.what tasks he/she must accomplish during an emergency
D.all of the above
15.A “preflight” checklist does NOT include ______.( )
A.the folding-or jump-seat is in working order
B.all safety belts are functional
C.all life vests are properly stowed
D.overhead compartments are full
Nowadaysalmost every city has an airport, even two, in the case of some big cities. Likea railway station an airport is a very busy place. At almost any hour of the dayor night it is thronged with people, many of whom are passengers either waitingfor a departing flight or who have just landed. Today, a great number of peopletravel from one country to another by plane just as routinely as other peoplemove from one town to another within the same country by train or bus.
Thelarge building in which passengers wait for their flight is called the passengerterminal. When a passenger arrives at the terminal, he goes to the counter ofthe airline that has arranged his trip. There he shows his ticket as proof thathe has a booking on the particular flight. He also gives up his heavy luggage tobe tagged and sent to the hold of the aircraft. If his ticket is in order, andhis luggage is not overweight, he is issued with a card called a boarding passwhich allows him admission onto the plane. Following the announcement that theplane is ready for boarding, departing passengers go through departure gates,which control the entrance and exit of people on and off the aircraft. At thesegates, after they have shown their passports and their boarding pass has beenchecked, they are allowed to board the waiting aircraft.
Aircraftlands and takes off on a runway made of concrete(混凝土).The runway of a modernairport is about three kilometers in length, as large jet planes take thisdistance to get airborne, or to come to a standstill after landing. Only oneplane can land on or take off from a runway at a time. Specially trainedofficers, who sit in the control tower of the airport, strictly control thelanding and take-off of aircraft. These air traffic controllers, as they arecalled, communicate with the pilots of the planes by radio. All modern planesare fitted with radar but the pilots still rely on the controllers to guidethem. A mistake made by a controller in the tower may lead to a serious accidentin which a large number of people may be injured or killed.
16.How many airports are there in a city?( )
A.None. B. One, even two.
C.At least two. D. More than two.
17.When passengers arrive at the airport, they wait for their flight in the______.( )
A.departure gates B. runway
C.terminal building D. airline’s counter
18.What should passengers do after the announcement is made that their plane isready for boarding? ( )
A.Go through departure gates.
B.Arrange the trip in the counter of the airline.
C.Pay for their over-weight luggage.
D.Check their boarding card.
19.Who control the landing and take-off of aircraft at the airport?( )
A.Pilots B. Cabin attendants
C.Air traffic controllers D. Aircraft engineers
20.Which of the following statement is NOT mentioned in this article? ( )
A.Aircraft lands and takes off on a runway made of concrete.
B.At a time only one plane can land on or take off from a runway.
C.A mistake made by a controller in the tower may lead to a large number of peopleinjured or killed.
D.The pilot can see the runway clearly at night.
Researchprograms on flight-crew distractions have identified 34 different types ofactivities that have led to errors in the cockpit. Ninety percent of these fallinto one of three broad categories communication, head-down work(精神过于集中), andresponding to abnormal situations.
Awell-known example is the December 1972 crash of an Eastern Airlines on approachinto Miami International airport. The crew was so busy looking at a landing gearlight and did not notice that someone had turned off the autopilot bymistake.
Areview was made of reports of accidents caused by crew error. Nearly halfinvolved a loss of attention because of interruptions, distractions or thinkingabout one task and forgetting others. Several ideas help crews to preventerrors. Conversation is a powerful distracter so it must be kept brief atcritical moments. “Head-down” tasks greatly reduce the ability to monitor whatthe other pilot and the aircraft are doing, so one pilot must be clearlyassigned to flying pilot-flying (PF) and one to non flying responsibilitiespilot-not-flying (PNF). Vital tasks need to be scheduled so that they will notconflict with another vital task. When two important tasks must be performed atthe same time, the pilots must set up a scan and avoid letting attention lingertoo long on either duty. They must treat interruptions as red flags.
Researchinto the way the brain works shows that people can only performed two tasks atthe same time in a few circumstances, even if they are skillful in performingeach task separately. “Broadly speaking, humans have two mental systems withwhich they perform tasks,” they wrote. “One involves conscious control, theother is an automatic system that operates largely outside of consciouscontrol.”
Consciouscontrol is required when the task is new, difficult or dangerous; when anautomatic process must be put aside to prevent “habit capture” going back to anold habit because a new system must be followed.
21.Which of the following is NOT the main reason for pilot’s distraction?( )
D.Searching for responding to abnormal situations.
22.The Miami accident in December 1972 was caused by ______.( )
A.failure to notice a mis-operation B. a landing gear
C.a light D. the autopilot
23.The researchers’ suggestion is to ______.( )
A.recognize the distraction of conversation and head-down work.
B.plan activities to avoid tasks all the same time and pay attention to tasksalternately when two do occur.
C.treat interruptions as not allowed, and assign pilot-flying and pilot-not-flyingresponsibilities.
D.all of the above.
24.Which of the following is WRONG according to this passage?( )
A.In most cases, humans can perform two tasks at the same time.
B.Humans have two mental systems with which to perform tasks.
C.One mental system is controlled by consciousness
D.The other operates out of the control of consciousness.
25.When is conscious control required?( )
A.When the task is new.
B.When the task is critical, difficult or dangerous.
C.When an automatic process must not be adopted in order to avoid habitcapture.
D.All of the above.
Ⅲ.Cloze Test (本大题共10小题，每小题2分，共20分)
DIRECTIONS:In this part, the words and phrases are missing in the following paragraph.Choose the most appropriate words from the following FORM.
Take-off oxygen on demonstration ensure
duty maximum evacuation release safety
Afterboarding, an important 26 in taking care of the passengers is to brief them onthe use of their 27 belts, and on any relevant emergency procedures. The safety28 at the beginning of a flight is very important. For example, aircraft seatbelts, like the seats, consist of a lap-strap and sometimes a shoulder harness.The passengers must be shown how to fasten, adjust and 29 their seat belts.Cabin crew must always check that they are fastened at 30 and landing. Thepassengers should be shown how to put 31 a life jacket, and how to use theemergency 32 masks stored above the seat. Aircraft cabins can become stuffy, so33
thatthere is adequate ventilation and each passenger knows how to adjust theappropriate vent to
34personal comfort. Handicapped passengers may need special attention, and amodified briefing to explain how they should leave the airplane in the case ofan 35 . Passengers need not be passive.
26.______ 27.______ 28.______ 29. ______ 30.______
31.______ 32. ______ 33. ______ 34. ______ 35. ______
DIRECTIONS:In this part, there are ten sentences written in English. Translate thesesentences into Chinese. Each of the sentences is followed by four choices ofsuggested translation marked A, B, C, and D. Make the best choice and write thecorresponding letter.
36.Cabin attendants make face-to-face contact with passengers.( )
37.You may find the safety instructions card and some magazines in the seat pocket.( )
38.If the passenger has any checked baggage, it is dealt with at the check-in desk.( )
39.International airports must have customs areas, currencyexchange counters andso on. ( )
40.Cabin attendants must perform their own assigned duties.( )
41.Please walk in this direction, don’t leave things in the aisle. ( )
42.Moslem meals apply to a large number of passengers from the Middle East.( )
43.Liquor and tobacco sales have continued to grow in volume. ( )
44.The boarding music is played until five minutes before take-off but not duringthe flights. ( )
45.All exits are equipped with exit signs above and adjacent to the exits. ( )